One of the things that I'm really enjoying about being in the shop working on airplanes is it gives me a great way to decompress from work as a 911 dispatch supervisor.
With new technology arriving every day at work, it becomes very difficult to champion change as a team leader in the communication centre. We're all feeling a bit overwhelmed and morale at work isn't the greatest right now. I think too that we all feel we were robbed of the summer as the leaves are already changing here in our part of northern Ontario. Winters tend to be fairly sedate (we don't use the "Q" word - that's how you summon death and mayhem in emergency services) and as a result nightshifts feel longer. It's no fun going to work in the morning when it's dark and coming home when it's dark.
Going to the shop for some plane therapy helps, so that's where I headed tonight.
I made working on the 701 wing extension a priority tonight as Ron wants to get that finished up so we can concentrate on both my 750 build and finishing off his Scout. Once they are complete I'll be able to get some stick time in both while we fly off the required post inspection hours. We're aiming for spring and that should be around the time I'll need use of the workbench for my wings and fuselage.
I've been working on the wing tip extensions. We decided to extend them by 18 inches and this requires extending the wing spar caps as well. These will be extended out to the tips, giving a much stiffer extension that what the plans call for.
Here I'm using the rivet pitch guide to centre punch mark the rivet hole locations.
After marking, and using the drill press to make the holes in each of the upper and lower cap angles, I backdrilled each of the spar cap extensions through the spar web extensionm adding clecos as I went to ensure the spar web cap remained in the correct place.
Take it all apart and debur all the holes on each piece (my new tool works great for that!). Then reassemble with clecos and test fit in position at the end of the wing spar. Perfect fit, tight and level!
Fit the front side spar web extension doubler and back drill through the web. Disassemble, debur, reasemble for final fit:
I've made the spar caps match the angle of the spar tips. Really like how they look and how they will secure the tip skins:
Great progress tonight...... not bad for 3 hours of therapy :)
Well, it was worth it heading south.
Took a side trip before a concert at the casino and met with my new friend Jim who was selling off some aircraft parts inventory.
Managed to pick up a bunch of stuff that I'll need for my build and at excellent prices.
From the top row, 2 bottles of EkoEtch and cleaner used for prepping aluminum for primer/paint.
Next row down from the top, 2 master brake cylinders for the rudder pedals on the pilot (left) side and a single master cylinder for the right side rudder pedals (I'll need a second one to match, this one I think was used as a hand brake).
On the white tissue paper and hard to see, 2 clear plexiglass window vents and associated hardware.
On the bottom row, 2 Matco axles and matching brake calipers. These were the model used on early 750 aircraft, but have since been superseded by a larger diameter version. Ron can use these on the 701 build which they are still the standard.
Very happy with my purchases!
Earlier this week was the 16th anniversary of the September 11th terrorist attacks in North America. I say North America vs. New York and Washington because even though these are the locations of the actual attacks, they had profound impacts all over North America including here in Canada.
I'm not going to go into a long story about where I was, or what I remember, but I think it's important to remember what happened that morning and how lucky we are to have the freedom to pursue what makes us happy, despite the efforts of others in the world who turn to terror in the furtherance of their beliefs. You can see more of my thoughts in a video I posted on my Facebook page.
Okay, time to move onto happy thoughts!
Spent a fair amount of time in the shop this week. Managed to get a bunch of parts cut out and ready for bending.
This week I also spent some time in the wood shop prepping my plywood forms for final sizing. The scroll saw is excellent for this fine work:
The important part is to make sure both sides of the forming block pairs match. So I started by cutting and sanding one side to perfect size, then used it as the guide for making the second the same size.
I didn't get all of them done in this session, but a got a good start. I focused on the ones I need for the horizontal stab and elevator, the current section I'm working on. I think I'm going to wait on the others and see if these work well and what improvements may be needed before cutting out the others.
That's it for today's update. There isn't really any easy way to capture all the work that goes into these but I hope this blog is somewhat east to follow along with. If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to ask by leaving a comment below.
Heading south today to go check out an inventory of parts that a gentleman has in a barn. It looks like I may be able to pick up some hardware for my build and possibly for Ron too. More details to come!
The last week of summer has come and gone. We made a family mini vacation to southern Ontario and took in the Brantford Community Charity Airshow among other things. It was an awesome airshow with quite the collection of warbirds, aerobatics and of course the Canadian Forces Snowbirds!
Also located at the same airport is Aircraft Spruce, one of the biggest suppliers of aircraft parts, pilot gear and building supplies. I had placed an order the week before and was able to pick up 3 rolls of aluminum sheet to be used in my build. Ron and Donna were also at the airshow and were kind enough to bring the rolls back north with them to the shop, saving us having to drag them around on the rest of our family trip.
I also stopped at KBC Tools in Missisauga and picked up a couple of really handy items. First, I've been reading about how to cut long straight edges on aluminum sheet. Some of the spars and doublers I have to make for my airplane are too long to be easily cut by shears. Even local machine shops in my area are either unable to handle the widths or too expensive.
One of the solutions on the Zenair builder's forums caught my eye. It involves making a aluminum cutting knife out of a carbide machine shop grooving insert attached to a handle, in this case a old crescent wrench.
I found the grooving insert at KBC tools. It's expensive for it's size, but is able to make very thin cuts in aluminum. For a couple of dollars more, I opted for the Titanium nitride coated insert making it more durable:
For a donor handle, I used an old crescent wrench with a seized head. I cut the head off at a 110 degree angle at the narrowest part of the handle using the chop saw:
Cleaned it up on the grinder.....
Next I used a combination of Dremmel tools and hand files to carve a shallow groove in the handle for the insert to rest in:
I made a test cut on a scrap piece of aluminum and this tool cuts it nice, clean and straight and only requires a couple of passes to score the aluminum enough for breaking. MUCH faster than using a laminate blade like an Olfa.
The other tool I picked up at KBC Tools was a NOGA Rotodrive countersink/deburring tool:
This is a much quicker and simple way to deburr dril holes. It is a rotating "dog-leg" countersink and with a very light touch and two turns will remove drilling burs without countersinking the hole. Lightweight and fast, it will be super handy as I progress through building. Much better than rolling an oversize drill bit between the fingers.
I continued work on the wing tip extension. I fabricated two (one for each wing) spar web doublers out of 0.032 sheet on the bandsaw. These will be the bread of the sandwich where the tip extension and spar web meet:
Laid out the proper rivet spacing and matched drilled them together:
Mounted the assembly to the wing spar web and match drilled the par caps, then clecoed everything together to confirm alignment:
With the assembly temporarily in place, the next problem needs to be solved. How to match drill to the original holes in the spar web (inclunding the orginal outer wing rib) without any access inside this part of the wing? As you know, the previous builder just eyeballed things so measuring what is already there won't be accurate enough. I could pull more of the wing skins off and back drill through the new doubler, but there is an easier way!
Introducing the "rivet hole duplicator". This ingenious tool allows you to match drill to holes behind the sheet aluminum. It consists of two straps of spring steel, one with a hole locator and the other with a drill guide:
With this tool, it's simple to find the right spot to drill each pilot hole. The pin tang slides in behind the panel you are drilling and the guide lines right up to where your new pilot hole should be..... GENIOUS!
Duplicate holes on web spar (right side of joint centreline) are complete awaiting final rivets. We'll need to figure out what we are doing on the back side to extend the spar caps and sandwich everything together but for now, this should be easily repeatable on the second wing:
With that complete, I took some time to fabricate the wing slat ribs from some spare 0.016 sheet.
There are 12 of them required, 6 in each wing slat. So I traced them out from the template, trying to use up as little real estate as possible. This will become more important later on when cutting other multiple items from full sheets:
One of the lessons learned earlier when I was making tail ribs was to centre punch and drill the relief and tooling holes before cutting out the metal, so I did that here first:
I discovered that the elevator tip rib form I traced out was undersized by about 2%. So I corrected the form and made the tip ribs with the correct aluminum template. Glad I caught this now, not later when I begin assembly. Here they are awaiting bending:
Very please at the progress I'm making. Coming up this week, I'm going to the woodshop to final trim and sand my plywood form blocks and I'll start tracing out the longer spar and doubler pieces for the horizontal stabilizer and elevators. Then I can start the assembly process!
Time until takeoff
Husband, father and 911 dispatcher. Long time pilot with a licence that burns a hole in my pocket where my student loan money used to be. First time aircraft builder. Looking to fly my own airplane.